Russian Riding breed of horses
Modern Russian Riding breed origin dates back to the famous Orlov-Rostopchin horse - once the most valuable and popular in Russia breed for cavalry and dressage horses of XIX century. Orlov-Rostopchin breed, unfortunately, was almost completely lost in the XX century. There have been several attempts to restore this unique breed, and only the last attempt made in 1980 employees of the Department of Horse Breeding in Moscow Agricultural Timiryazev Academy led to a long-awaited success. In 1999 was recorded a new breed - the Russian Riding horse, which accumulates the last drop of Orlov-Rostopchin blood and carrying her features. To learn more about the history of breed you can find the appropriate section of our site.
165-170 cm stallions for 4 years and older
These indicators provide the horse the maximum score for the height performance of 10 points. If height of the horse deviates up or down, the scores are reduced proportionally. Such a rating system used for other breeding features.
In breed welcome dark colours. Chestnut colour are not typical for horses of this breed and its carriers are trying to avoid in breeding. Gray, dun, and other unusual colour in the breed are extremely rare. Horses with these colours are not allowed to breed. Also, do not welcome large white markings on head and legs horse. The most valuable are pure black horse with no white markings.
Breed type and exterior
Russian Riding horse characterized strong conformation and elegant upland forms. The format of the trunk close to a square or rectangle lying. Exterior of the horse as a whole must meet the well-known modern requirements for sport horses, and the type closest to the Orlov-Rostopchin breed.
Russian Riding horses have a harmony physique, well-developed muscles and tendon-ligament apparatus. Head of medium size with a broad forehead, straight or slightly concave profile, expressive eyes and medium-sized straight erect ears, neck is long and high set, well defined long flexible neck, withers has average height and length, blade oblique, of moderate length, the back is usually straight, back flat, croup mostly middle-length, sometimes at half-mast, well-muscled. Chest of medium width and deep enough, with well-developed ribs. Limb properly set and in their structure do not have serious shortcomings. Hooves of the correct form with a strong horn. The mane is usually averaged over the density and silky. The tail is fairly thick and long, often wavy. hairy heel standing there or it is very mild.
Temperament and character
Russian Riding horses are very intelligent, curious and sociable. The character of a lively, energetic, friendly. They are easy to learn, especially in dressage. But in working with these horses need to remember that they will not tolerate abuse. For experienced riders, Russian Riding horses show a high degree of intelligence, persistence and willingness to cooperate.
Modern Russian Riding horses - a specialized sporting breed, focused mainly on the use in dressage. With the introduction of mandatory health tests sporting qualities for all youngsters from the very beginning the restoration of breed, breeders have made significant progress in performance. Russian Riding horses have the rhythmic movements and a large capture space in all gaits, respond well to training. Some horses show good technique jump, prudence, courage, and succeeding in jumping and eventing. Multiple participation in the Olympic Games, win prizes in the the World Cup finals, leading position in Russian equestrian sport over the past 20 years - that objective indicators of success in the selection of Russian horses.
Currently in Russian Riding breed dominated by the method of pure breeding, with the gradual accumulation of Orlov-Rostopchtin blood. Often used a moderate and distant inbreeding on outstanding ancestors and founders of the lines. As a certified improvers may be used for these purposes stallions Thoroughbred, Arabian and Akhal-Teke breed. The total volume of such crossings is limited and should not exceed 20% of the total annual copulation. Another 10% is a crossing with stallions of other breeds, usually of European sport breeding: Hanoverian, Holsteiner, Oldenburg, Trakehner and others. Horses, derived from such crosses can not be considered purebred and registered in a separate section Studbook as mixed breed. Nevertheless, the best crossbred horses who have successfully passed the test and evaluation experts or well-established in the sport, as well as appropriate for the type of Russian Riding horse, allowed to interbreed with pure breed horses. Foals in this case, registered as a pure breed in the main section Studbook.
Selection of the breed is a range of indicators. With 10-point scale assessed:
According to the results of expert assessments derived average score and the horse is equal to the class of Elite-1, 2 or 3 or I, II class. Best horses get admission to the breeding, the vast majority of them usually belongs to the Elite class. Class Elita-1 is assigned only to the horses passed the tests of sporting qualities, or performed well in the sport.Breeding work with the breed, registration of foals, issuing passports and tribal edition Studbook, is engaged Department of Horse Breeding in Moscow Agricultural Timiryazev Academy. Currently published three volumes of the Studbook Russian horse breeds, which included all horses born from 1980 to 2006. Preparing to publish a fourth volume of the Studbook. Forces of breed fans created an online database of Russian Riding breed www.Rw-Base.ru, which collected the most complete information about the breed and each horse. This site has become a popular place for communication of breeders, owners, sportsmen and fans of Russian Riding horses.
Since the inception of the breed, began to work for the lines and families as the foundation upon which rests any homogeneous population. Currently, the breed can allocate 5 lines, 10 officially recognized families, as well as several promising new families. On the links below, you can find the genealogy of the modern Russian Riding horse breeds. In Russian language only, use translate.google.com.